Is There Any Connection Between Diabetes And Eye Problems?



Diabetes is a condition in which the body becomes intolerant to insulin or becomes incapable of producing enough insulin. Having diabetes makes your body prone to many other health issues and the very common one among them are eye problems. When one is suffering from eye problems created due to diabetes, then simply wearing glasses would not end the issue as fluctuations in sugar levels affect your vision differently at different times.

Common Eye Problems Linked To Diabetes:

Diabetes and Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye issue where too much pressure on the eyes results in nerve damage. This specific condition happens when the fluid inside the eye is not drained out properly. A diabetic is more likely to suffer from a rare type of glaucoma named neo vascular glaucoma. In this problem, the colored part of the lens, iris, grows fresh blood vessels. These blood vessels prevent proper blood flow and drainage of fluid from the eye. This builds up pressure and damages the eye nerves.

Diabetes and Cataracts

Cataract is an eye problem in which the lens of the eye gets clouded, resulting in blurred vision. This cloudiness obstructs the light entering the eyes and leads to issues with clear vision. If left untreated, it can even result in complete vision loss. This condition usually affects people aged 40 or more, but a diabetic is highly prone to suffer from the same at an early age.

Diabetic Retinopathy

The main cause of permanent blindness in developed countries is retinopathy, and a diabetic may have to face even worse complications. This condition adversely affects the network of nerves which are supposed to support the retina. At the backside of the eyeball there is a group of specialized cells, which do the work of converting light and drag the images which pass through lens. Diabetes leaves a negative effect on the small blood vessels of the eyes, and in case you are dealing with high levels of sugar in the body, then it gets leaked or blocked, directly affecting the clarity of the vision. The severity of the problem depends on the amount of leakage.

It is suggested to consult a doctor immediately when you notice any such signs. This would save you from permanent blindness.