Bitter Melon: A Natural Medicine To Treat Diabetes



Bitter melon or bitter gourdBitter melon or bitter gourd is an Indian vegetable which has great medicinal value apart from its capacity to control diabetes. It is popularly known as Karela which make a tasty vegetable. Traditionally it is considered to be the most biter fruits among vegetables. It can be found in many parts in the world, including South America, Asia, parts of Africa and the Caribbean. However, the size and bitterness may vary according to regions. It is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. Medical experts consider Bitter Melon for diabetes as it is an herbal remedy and contains three anti-diabetic substances called charantin, vicine and a polypeptide-p, a compound works like an insulin. Charantin is known to have blood glucose lowering effect.

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They can altogether reduce the level of blood sugar in the body. It also contains a lectin that reduces blood glucose concentrations in the body. One good thing about this fruit is that now it is offered in the form of juice, tea extracts and pills. So the choice is yours! The effects of karela have been medically proven and now it is very popular worldwide. Unlike other medicines, Bitter gourd works in all the body organs to maintain overall glucose metabolism.

More details on diabetes

Diabetes is a non curable disease, though with proper medication, it can be controlled to lead a normal life. It produces symptoms like the urge to urinate frequently, increased thirst and hunger. It is a serious disease which can lead complications like heart ailments, blindness and kidney failure. There are two types of diabetes-type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is called juvenile diabetes and type 2 is called matured diabetes.

What Causes diabetes

The cause of Diabetes is not definite. Obesity, lack of physical exercise and hereditary factors is responsible for it. Diabetes is a medical condition when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin due to some reasons or it may be because of the body is not able to respond properly towards the insulin that is produced. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body fails to produce insulin and this is called insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cells fail to use insulin properly, also called non insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes. The pancreas produce insulin, a kind of protein hormone that is necessary to regulate the carbohydrates and fat metabolism in the body from where we get energy. It subsequently helps to maintain the blood sugar level in the body.

How to treat it?

Natural treatment for diabetes is preferred because of the absence of harmful side effects. Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can definitely be controlled with the help of an ideal diet and physical exercise. It is better to prevent diabetes rather than treating it. It is very important to maintain an ideal body mass index as obesity is one of the biggest risks with this disease. Tobacco is a strictly no for diabetic patients. Then regular monitoring of blood pressure level is also necessary. A proper foot care is also a must for diabetic patients and one should stay away from inflicting ay injury. Type 1 diabetes can be managed with insulin injections while Type 2 diabetes can be treated with or without insulin.

Main ingredients of karela

Karela contains a number of qualities that are helpful to manage diabetes. It forms a part of the family Cucurbitaceous, which is widely found in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean as an edible fruit. The shape and bitterness of the fruit may be varied according to the regions.

Are there any real benefits of having karela?

In type 2 diabetes, bitter gourd helps to lose body weight. Bitter gourd can control the glucose metabolism in our body. It can reduce the amount of glucose to be released into the blood by restricting the enzymes. This subsequently helps to control the level of blood sugar level after meals. This is important during the treatment of both types of diabetes. Biter gourd can save you from diabetes related complications. Diabetes can cause inflammation which give rise to oxidative stress, a kind of free radicals in the body. It may lead to kidney failure, blindness, and heart disease. Karela has anti oxidative substances and helps to minimize blood sugar levels.

Dosage while consuming karela

Normal dose is indicated.

Precautions to be taken

Before taking the bitter gourd or any other herbal formula, it is better to consult a physician.

Home remedies advised in the treatment of diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can be successfully managed with some of the herbal remedies that have been traditionally prescribed in India. They are anti diabetic and work in a very peaceful manner in the body. Herbal cure diabetes is simple to follow-

  • Fenugreek or methi is a powerful Indian spice that has the capacity to reduce the amount of sugar absorption from the stomach in the digestion. It has the capacity to stimulate the pancreatic cells to increase the production of insulin as it contains 4 hydroxyisoleucine, a kind of amino acid. Diabetic patients can keep methi seeds in water for a whole night and in the morning; they can drink the water and chew the seeds.
  • The extracts of Pterocarpus or Vijaysar is a tree found in the Deccan region that is helpful to treat type 2 diabetes, which can reduce the amount of glucose absorbed by the intestines. The tree extracts should be mixed with water and keep it overnight and can be consumed in the morning.
  • Gymnema or Gurmar is a shrub that said to possess the substance of destroying sugar. It can control the excessive appetite that diabetic people experience. It can increase the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas.

The diet recommended for diabetes

There is no such thing called an ideal diet for diabetes. A normal diet is prescribed for diabetic patients that take into account lots of vegetables, fruits and dairy product without cream. Buttermilk is good food for diabetic patients.

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